Divers, snorkelers and land lubbers all enjoy seeing sea turtles. Yet, these reptiles represent some of the most threatened marine species. For that reason, it’s important to spread crucial information to a wide population of people who can make a difference for these turtles. For it’s only with love, knowledge and action that these animals can be saved.
The olive ridley sea turtle is currently listed as vulnerable. Still, as one of the seven species of sea turtles, the olive ridley deserves attention. Plus, it’s an awesome little turtle with some quirky habits.
Did you know that in November 2017 around 530,000 female olive ridley sea turtles came ashore at Playa Ostional in Costa Rica to lay their eggs? This massive nesting event is called “arribada,” and it happens every year in different parts of the world.
Keep reading to learn more about these splendid marine creatures.
OLIVE RIDLEY SEA TURTLE
The olive ridley sea turtle is, after Kemp’s ridley turtle, the smallest of the sea turtles, reaching a maximum length of only 30 inches (78 cm) and a weight of 105 lbs (48 kg).
The rounded carapace is dark in color and varies from gray to a greenish olive color, while the plastron is white. Despite having many features in common with Kemp’s ridley turtle, the two species shouldn’t be confused with one another as they live in different areas.
OLIVE RIDLEY SEA TURTLE FACTS
Name: The olive ridley sea turtle gets its name from its greenish, olive colored carapace.
Diet: This turtle feeds on fish and invertebrates, including molluscs, fish eggs, lobsters, crabs, shrimps and sea urchins, as well as gelatinous animals such as jellyfish and even algae. It can dive up to 150 meters to look for food. Off the Gulf of California (in Mexico), olive ridley sea turtles seem to dine almost exclusively on a pelagic red crab that’s very abundant in the area.
Migration: Olive ridley sea turtles migrate annually from a foraging area to a breeding area to mate and nest. Once that process is finished, they return back to the foraging area.
Habitat: Olive ridley turtles live in the tropical and temperate waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Once in awhile, in periods of hot weather, they do go to the north of Alaska and the south of New Zealand and Chile. In the Atlantic Ocean, the distribution is limited to the African west coast and northeastern South America. There is little information on this turtle’s juvenile stage, but apparently young adults use both pelagic and neritic (coastal) environments.
Threats: Once adulthood is reached, the natural predators of the olive ridley sea turtle are sharks and marine crocodiles. However, the population is still declining due to human activities such as hunting, non-selective fishing (bycatch) and pollution.
Current population trend: Decreasing.
HOW MANY OLIVE RIDLEY SEA TURTLES ARE STILL ALIVE?
The number of nesting females is estimated to be 800,000 individuals.
HOW DO OLIVE RIDLEY SEA TURTLES MATE?
Mating takes place in the water through internal fertilization near the nesting site. Very often, females return to lay their eggs on the same beach where they were born. They reach sexual maturity quite early, probably between 7 and 16 years.
HOW MANY EGGS DO OLIVE RIDLEY SEA TURTLES DEPOSIT INTO ONE NEST?
The females of this species synchronize their exit from the water to the nesting beach. This means all the females nest at the same time, and each female lays an average of 110 eggs, which hatch after 46 to 65 days.
WHAT IS “ARRIBADA”?
It’s a massive nesting event during which thousands of females gather at the nesting areas to lay their eggs. It can last several nights and can occur in India, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama or Mexico. How all of the female olive ridley sea turtles synchronize this process is still unknown.
HOW ARE SEA TURTLES ABLE TO LAY THEIR EGGS ON THE SAME BEACH ON WHICH THEY WERE BORN?
Scientists are still unsure how this is possible, but it is probably a mix of factors, including physical landmarks, marine currents, chemical odors and the presence of magnetite ore in their skull. This element would allow sea turtles to orient themselves according to Earth’s magnetic field.
SEA TURTLE SAVIOURS
Fortunately, there are associations that work to save these animals through research, education, training and habitat protection.
Source URL: Padi Travel